There are a number of common foot-related deformities; however, bunions are the most common. The appearance of a bunion is a result of a specific bone displacement just below the big or little toe, although most frequently it is the big toe that is affected.
This bone shifting creates a prominent bony-like growth that protrudes out of the affected area and is clearly visible on the bunion joint on the affected foot. The lump may be the metatarsal head itself, or new bone formed in response to pressure.
There are several ways of treating bunions or hallux valgus in Reisterstown and the treatment administered will vary according to the extent of the condition. In the more minor cases, a simple change of shoes may suffice while extreme cases could require some form of surgery.
Surgery is deemed necessary for correction of the deformity only in the most severe cases and it is usually carried out by a podiatrist or an orthopedic surgeon. The operation is not just a cosmetic procedure because it helps in the proper alignment of the big toe.
The recovery period for the operation usually takes a period of between 6 and 8 weeks. During this period, the patient is normally expected to move around using crutches.
Orthotics are also a recommended treatment, especially when the bunions are formed due to congenital bone defects. These are specially designed products used to correct structural disorders and ease the pain.
Other good treatment devices in Reisterstown are bunion night splints, shoe inserts, as well as specialized shoe padding which offers protection from rubbing. The key thing when dealing with bunions is to seek professional help as soon as the symptoms appear.